In the first part of this mini-series, I showed how I created a simulated HttpContext for a controller action unit test. In this post I wanted to describe how I added a ClaimsPrincipal implementation.

The Problem

I had the need to obtain the identity of the authenticated user for the current request in a controller action. So in the action method, I used the built-in User to obtain the value:

var userName = User.Identity.Name;

This worked perfectly. However, as with the QueryString property I simulated in Part 1 of this series, the unit test for the method now failed because the User.Identity.Name property was null.

The Solution

You can set the User value by explicitly creating the ClaimsPrincipal and assigning it to the HttpContext.

var context = new DefaultHttpContext();

var claims = new List<Claim>
    new Claim(ClaimTypes.Name, "username"),
var identity = new ClaimsIdentity(claims, "TestAuthType");
var claimsPrincipal = new ClaimsPrincipal(identity);

context.User = claimsPrincipal;

controller.ControllerContext = new ControllerContext
    HttpContext = context

Now the unit tests pass because the code correctly simulates a non-empty identity name for the incoming request.


Simulating portions of the HttpContext for controller actions should hopefully be few and far between. But it is nice to know it is possible to do it when necessary.